In 2011, the global economic growth was weak, the impact of the international financial crisis intensified, the domestic economic growth slowed down, and the power demand dropped; the National Energy Administration's approval of the approval of local governments for wind farm construction led to a slowdown in the construction of new wind power projects. , The construction funds are tight, the wind power is difficult to access, the production capacity of the company is excessive, and the price competition is fierce. The complex internal and external environment has enabled China's wind power industry, which has been developing rapidly for many years, to quickly enter the â€œdeep winter periodâ€, and wind power manufacturing companies will bear the brunt of it.
How can the domestic wind power industry break through the "frozen" period? Focusing on the industry challenges encountered at present, relying on technological innovation, building real core competitiveness as soon as possible or the only way for Chinese wind power companies.
Innovation of Institutional Mechanisms Promoting Ren Dongming, Director of the Renewable Energy Center of the Energy Development and Reform Commission of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that implementation of the renewable energy quota system can serve as a solution to the coordinated development of the wind power industry as an institutional mechanism for innovation.
When talking about the design ideas of the quota system, he said that the determination of the quota indicators should be coordinated with the countryâ€™s macro-objectives of rationally controlling total energy consumption and adjusting energy consumption structure to ensure a balanced scale of power generation industries such as wind power, solar energy, and biomass energy. Development will be treated differently according to the principle of â€œconsider responsibility, capacity for accommodating, potential for development, and layout of the power gridâ€. At the same time, the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) that have the potential to form interconnected power grids and non-hydroelectric renewable energy resources shall be equally responsible. Quota indicator.
Ren Dongming explained that the subject of the quota obligation should be the power grid company as the main responsibility for the implementation of renewable energy quotas, and the large-scale power generation investment enterprises as the subject of the quota obligation for renewable energy power production, and the provincial (district, city) level governments As the subject of administrative responsibility for renewable energy power quota consumption obligations.
In terms of quota assessment and supervision, Ren Dongming said that the consumption of renewable energy should be included in the assessment of the total energy consumption and energy conservation emission reduction targets of all provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities). In addition, the State Councilâ€™s energy authority needs to share the same. The supervision, statistics, and auditing departments, as well as the SASAC, the State Electricity Regulatory Commission and other agencies, conducted assessments on the completion of quota indicators for provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), power grid companies, and major power investment companies.
Ren Dongming stated that through the establishment of quota targets for total electricity consumption in all provinces and regions, total electricity purchases by grid companies, and renewable energy power generation enterprises, the implementation of national renewable energy planning and development goals will be achieved, and all regions will be encouraged to actively develop and utilize local renewable energy sources. Resources, to achieve the scale of renewable energy development and security to absorb the purpose.
"Because it is necessary to coordinate various interests, the "Regulations on the Management of Renewable Energy Quotas," led by the National Energy Administration, was originally meant to be introduced at the end of 2011. Now it seems that it will be very good to introduce it in the first half of 2012." Ren Dongming said.
In order to better understand the views of wind power people on the quota management measures and provide reference for government decision-making, Tianjin Wind Energy Association launched a public opinion survey on the implementation of the â€œRegulations on Renewable Energy Quotas Managementâ€, on grid companies, power generation companies, and equipment. A total of 56 senior management personnel, R&D personnel, marketing personnel, and market dispatchers from 17 companies, including manufacturers and R&D institutions, conducted surveys and analysis.
According to Wang Changgui, Secretary-General of the Tianjin Wind Energy Association, the survey shows that the number of people supporting the use of electricity price subsidies still accounts for 50% of the total number of people. The number of people who support the quota system accounts for 45%, which is slightly lower than the number of people supporting electricity price subsidies, and another 5 % of the respondents supported the simultaneous implementation of tariff subsidies and quota systems. The number of people supporting quotas above 5% accounted for 57.14% of the total, while the number of support quotas between 3% and 5% accounted for 39.29%, compared to 2% to 3% of the supported quotas. Only 3.57% of people are between.
According to the survey, a considerable proportion of respondents still hope to adopt the electricity price subsidy policy. Wang Changgui said that although most respondents have a certain understanding of the quota system, there are also individual company executives who have a relatively vague concept of quotas. From this we can see that the current influence of the quota system in the wind power industry is still low, and it needs further publicity. â€œThe current status of wind power grid connection is still not optimistic. 'The difficulty in grid connection' has indeed become the major bottleneck restricting the development of wind power,â€ said Wang Changgui.
Moving from a manufacturing service to a â€œhow to create from China to China, from a wind power country to a wind power country, and from a focus on wind power capacity to focus on wind power quality is a problem that Chinaâ€™s wind power needs to solve in the next 10 years. The key to solving these problems lies in innovation. "He Dexin, Chairman of the World Wind Energy Association and Chairman of the Wind Energy Professional Committee of the Chinese Renewable Energy Society said.
He introduced that in 2011 China's newly installed capacity of wind power reached 18 million kW, which has reached a total of 60 GW, and has become a veritable manufacturing power for wind power equipment in the world. However, there is still a gap between the technology level and developed countries in Europe and the United States, and the market is mainly facing the domestic market. The low ratio of wind power installation and grid connection is currently an urgent problem to be solved.
Zhang Yuan, deputy general manager of Longyuan Power Group Co., Ltd., said that the future development of wind power will have three characteristics: the momentum of rapid development will continue to be maintained in the future; the era of merger and integration is approaching; offshore wind power will enter a substantive stage of development.
According to Zhang Yuan, in order to realize the national long-term development plan for wind power, it is necessary to shift from speed-oriented to quality-oriented, centralized large-scale development to large-scale decentralized development, and from the increase in installed capacity to the increase in the proportion of connected networks. .
â€œChina has the largest installed capacity of wind power in the world, but it is actually very inexperienced in wind farm operation and maintenance management. The service industry is still in its infancy. Domestic wind power companies, whether manufacturers or investors, face service bottlenecks. Wind power companies need Establish a user-centric manufacturing service company, said Ma Ronghua, deputy general manager of Dongfeng Wind Power Division.
Ma Ronghua believes that due to the rapid growth of domestic wind power industry, the construction of service systems and the establishment of service personnel are seriously lagging. Investors rely more on the services of the host equipment manufacturers, based on their own capabilities, based on quality concerns, but also based on benefits. Owners tried every means to extend the warranty period of the equipment.
Ma Ronghua said that the responsibility and pressure for service of wind power equipment manufacturers are getting bigger and bigger. One is to pay for the extended warranty service and the service period is longer and longer, from the early two to three years to the present five years. Even longer, the tendering conditions become more and more stringent; second, the product prices are getting lower and lower, and it has been depreciated from the true value of the product. The market is over-consumption of market resources from the previous period, paying for the immature technical quality, and excessive and advanced consumption services. change. This immature market performance will affect the overall improvement of services, and it is not conducive to the cultivation of a group of outstanding wind power companies with strong, responsible and sustainable development.
â€œWind power companies are undergoing a major examination, and the wind power industry has also begun a technological revolution and market changes. Enterprises from the continuous expansion of manufacturing scale, staking the base to lay a solid foundation, internal skills, concerned about the user to change.â€ Ma Ronghua said.
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